Structure of Atoms and Molecules (Basic Chemistry)

Structure of Atoms and Molecules (Basic Chemistry)

Most of the Universe consists of matter and energy. Energy is the capacity to do work. The matter has mass and occupies space. All matter is made up of basic elements that can’t be broken down into substances with different chemical or physical properties. Elements are substances consisting of one type of atom, for example,…

Replicons: What is Replicons and Where it is located? (Basic Functions)

Replicons: What is Replicons and Where it is located? (Basic Functions)

For most prokaryotic chromosomes, the replicon is the entire chromosome. One notable exception found comes from archaea, where two Sulfolobus species have been shown to contain three replicons. Examples of bacterial species that have been found to possess multiple replicons include Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Vibrio cholera, and Burkholderia multivorans. These “Secondary” (or tertiary) chromosomes are often…

Bacterial Cell: Structure and its Composition

Bacterial Cell: Structure and its Composition

Bacteriology is the study of bacteria. Bacteria are minute, microscopic, simple, unicellular prokaryotic organisms occurring as saprophytes and parasites on a wide range of habitats. Structurally a bacteria cell consists of three categories of structurally namely, Structures of the External side of the cell wall. Cell wall Structures of the Internal side of the cell…

Microbial growth and its Basics

Microbial growth and its Basics

Microbial growth refers to the reproduction and proliferation of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. It is a basic part of microorganisms’ biology and is important for their survival and evolution. Microbial growth occurs in a variety of environments, including soil, water, and the human body, and is influenced by a range of factors, including…

Cell Cycle : Sequential events in Cell Division

Cell Cycle : Sequential events in Cell Division

What is Cell Cycle ? The sequence of events which occurs between one cell division and the next  is called the Cell cycle. The cell cycle comprises the period between the release of a cell as one of the progeny of a division and its own subsequent division into two daughter cells. Stages of Cell…

Transposons: Jumping Genes at Cellular levels

Transposons: Jumping Genes at Cellular levels

Transposons are segments of DNA that can move around to different positions in the genome of a single cell. In the process, they may cause mutations increase (or decrease) the amount of DNA in the genome of the cell, and if the cell is the precursor of a gamete, in the genomes of any descendants….