What is Glycolysis? Explain the Phases of Glycose oxidative pathway at cellular levels?

What is Glycolysis? Explain the Phases of Glycose oxidative pathway at cellular levels?

Glycolysis literally means “splitting of sugar“. The pathway is also called “EMP Pathway” and “Glucose oxidative pathway“. In glycolysis, Glucose (a six-carbon sugar) is split into two molecules of a three-carbon sugar. Glycolysis yields two molecules of ATP (free energy-containing molecule), two molecules of pyruvic acid, and two “high energy” electron-carrying molecules of NADH. ….

What is microRNA? Special class Post-Transcriptional Regulators

What is microRNA? Special class Post-Transcriptional Regulators

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNA molecules that play a vital role in regulating gene expression. They are found in all eukaryotes, including animals, plants, and fungi, and are involved in a wide range of biological processes, including development, differentiation, and cell growth. MiRNAs are short, single-stranded RNA molecules that are about 22 nucleotides in…

Colligative Properties : What are the basics of Colligative Properties and its Types

Colligative Properties : What are the basics of Colligative Properties and its Types

Like pure solids, liquids, and gasses, solutions have well-defined physical properties (e.g., vapor pressure, boiling point, etc.). A change in a property of a solvent that depends on the concentration of dissolved solute(s) particles is called colligative properties. Colligative properties do not depend on the identity of either the solvent or the solute(s) particles (kind,…

Basic Elements of Immunity and Types of Immunity

Basic Elements of Immunity and Types of Immunity

The term Immunity is defined as the resistance shown by the host against the adverse effects caused by microbes and their toxic products. Invertebrates, two types of defense mechanisms work together to contact infection. Innate Immunity (or) Non-Specific resistance Acquired immunity (or) Specific resistance Innate Immunity It is a non-specific immunity. The mechanism is similar…

What are the Enzymes involved in DNA Replication?

What are the Enzymes involved in DNA Replication?

A fundamental property of living organisms is their ability to reproduce. Bacteria and fungi can divide to produce daughter cells that are identical to the parental cells. Sexually reproducing organisms produce offspring that are similar to themselves. This article covers the Enzymes Involved in DNA Replication.  On a cellular level, this reproduction occurs by mitosis, the…

What are the Chromatin Structure and Function?

What are the Chromatin Structure and Function?

Chromatin is the combination of DNA and proteins that make up the contents of the nucleus of a cell. The primary functions of chromatin are: to package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell, to strengthen the DNA to allow mitosis and meiosis and prevent DNA damage, and to control gene expression…